Vulnerabilidad En El Marco Legal Ecuatoriano

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Human Rights Watch`s analysis found that pregnant women and girls seeking to terminate unwanted pregnancies face numerous barriers to access, both to legal abortion and a range of persecutions and criminalizations that particularly affect them. We analyzed 148 prosecution cases between 2009 and 2019 and found that the persecuted are mainly women living in poverty, young women, girls, people of African descent and indigenous peoples. And not only those who want to terminate a pregnancy, but also those who are experiencing an obstetric emergency or need follow-up care. In Ecuador, although women have the right to legally terminate their pregnancies if their lives and health are at risk or if sexual violence occurs, they do not have effective access to these basic reproductive health services. What needs to change in Ecuador`s legal framework for women to live with sexual and reproductive rights? If the situation legally endangers those involved: on September 28, 2018, hundreds of women marched in Quito for the day for the legalization of abortion in Latin America and the Caribbean. Article 1.- Purpose.- The purpose of this Act is to prevent and eliminate all forms of violence against women: girls, adolescents, adolescents and older persons in all their diversity, in the public and private sphere; in particular when they find themselves in multiple situations of vulnerability or risk, through comprehensive strategies and measures for the prevention, care, protection and reparation of victims; and re-educating the abuser and working on masculinities. Priority and special attention will be given to girls and young people within the framework of the provisions of the Constitution of the Republic and the international instruments ratified by the Ecuadorian State. The most serious injury was sustained by women and pregnant women who lived in populations where they are predominantly of African descent or indigenous. And we found out that they were mostly young people under the age of 24. And 12% of cases were girls under the age of 15. We also find in many cases that the people affected are those who are in this vulnerability and are more at risk of discrimination because they are women who went to the hospital in the middle of a miscarriage and did not know they were pregnant, or women who had taken misoprostol because they believed It is a way for her to get her period.

These are women who have very little information. Criminalization only restricts access to this information and comprehensive sexuality education. This affects communities of African descent, indigenous peoples and young people much more. It sets out guidelines for people in situations of human mobility, in particular those in a situation of greater vulnerability than persons in refugee situations and returnees. This research aims to explain child labour in Ecuador both from the point of view of macroeconomic logic, i.e. within the framework of a macrostructure of work and the economy, at the level of the labour market, and from the specific situation of working children and adolescents; and, based on the definition of work at the micro level, the evaluation and perception of work and other options available to children and young people and their families. The cases we knew of were very sad. One was the story of Lucia, a 15-year-old girl who was raped on her way home from school. And she was sentenced to 5 years in prison after giving birth unaccompanied at home, alone, in her bathroom, and the baby died. She spent 4 years and 3 months in a juvenile institution, and something that the psychologist who worked with her mentioned to me was that the minor did not understand why they wanted to make her suffer, if she had not done anything, she did not know that she was pregnant. She did not understand why she had ended up in detention. It was an experience that destroyed her life project and put her in a vulnerable situation for the future.

In Ecuador, abortion is legal when the woman`s life and health are in danger and in all cases of sexual violence. Women could have a legal abortion in hospitals. There are many obstacles that civil society has organized to provide this information. In organizations such as Las Comadres, Sur Cuna or Fundación Desafio. They try to give information that corresponds to the state. Therefore, another recommendation of Human Rights Watch is that the state disseminate this information. The objective is to implement resilience capacities and reduce vulnerability through capacity building activities, improvement of water systems for human consumption, good construction practices and prevention of Covid-19. It provides a basic framework for the development of strategies for children and young people.

It guarantees special care, support and protection. It recognizes the family as the basis of society and the development of its members, especially children. It reaffirms that families must receive the protection and support they need to assume their responsibilities and that there is a shared responsibility between the family, society and the State. Opposition groups can erect barriers that are fully justified in the discussion, but should not restrict access to basic health care that is legal and in line with international human rights standards. Opposition groups can use conscientious objection as a tool to restrict access to this service, but leaders of public institutions should limit themselves to what their professional function tells them, based on what is established by international human rights mechanisms. • Recognition of the contribution to economic, social and cultural development of Ecuadorian migrants. In addition to their rights under international law, as expressed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, victims of human trafficking and trafficking have this right because of their vulnerability: La Mala Fe spoke with Ximena Casas, researcher at Human Rights Watch, about the reality of women and girls in Ecuador who try to access legal abortion and end up being prosecuted. Prison. • The rights of Ecuadorian migrants in countries of destination. It promotes measures to eliminate injuries to people in situations of human mobility. A first step is to guarantee the causes of legal abortion, and for this it is important that there is adequate information for all citizens. Similarly, there must be higher education at the service of the medical community and state actors, so that access to these health services is guaranteed and women who try to access abortion are no longer prosecuted.

Lawmakers and the Lasso government have an opportunity to end this cruel policy and join countries around the world in reforming their laws to facilitate access to abortion in line with their human rights obligations. A legal framework in which, on the one hand, abortion is permitted in certain cases and, on the other hand, the same legal framework provides for prison sentences, creates ambiguity and tension that make doctors accusing and lead to the prosecution of many of these women and minors. That is why it is important that in Ecuador they now take advantage of the opportunity offered to them before the National Assembly, following the Constitutional Court`s ruling of 28 April, which decriminalizes cases of sexual violence. The consequences vary according to socio-economic capacity and ethnic status, whether they come from rural or urban areas. What is clear is that the criminalization of abortion has a face of poverty, African descent, indigenous people and young women. For those who cannot terminate an unwanted pregnancy safely and legally. For those who suffer from an obstetric emergency or miscarriage in their pregnancy process. For them, there is a good chance that if they do not give birth successfully, they will unfortunately be prosecuted for not having given a positive answer during this biological process. Each or more of these advisory councils may work individually or in a coordinated manner on issues relating to the protection of the rights of persons in situations of particular vulnerability, as in this case.

Ensure full protection for priority attention groups enshrined in the Constitution and for those in situations of exclusion and/or vulnerability, including persons with disabilities.